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Rest of Asia and Oceana. Rest of Europe. Most Popular. North America. Latin America and Caribbean. The Codex Vaticanus Graecus is contained in a codex which passed to the Vatican Library from the collection of Stefano Gradi in Other manuscripts are of little independent value for reconstructing the text. Marcus Aurelius has been lauded for his capacity "to write down what was in his heart just as it was, not obscured by any consciousness of the presence of listeners or any striving after effect".
Augustine's Confessions. Though Murray criticizes Marcus for the "harshness and plainness of his literary style", he finds in his Meditations "as much intensity of feeling Rees calls the Meditations "unendingly moving and inspiring", but does not offer them up as works of original philosophy. Using Marcus as an example of greater Stoic philosophy, he found their ethical philosophy to contain an element of " sour grapes ". German philosopher Georg Hegel offers a critique of Stoicism that follows similar lines, albeit covering different trajectories.
In his Phenomenology of Spirit , Hegel attacks the preoccupation with the inner self as a severing, fatalistic barrier to consciousness. A philosophy that reduces all states of harm or injustice to emotional states "could only appear on the scene in a time of universal fear and bondage. Clarke concurs in his historical work on philosophical ideas, The Roman Mind , where he states "[p]olitical liberty could hardly flourish after so many years of despotism and the indifference to public affairs which it bred.
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And philosophy fostered the same spirit. In the Introduction to his translation of Meditations , the Anglican priest Maxwell Staniforth discussed the profound impact of Stoicism on Christianity. The book has been described as a prototype of reflective practice by Seamus Mac Suibhne. Be like a rocky promontory against which the restless surf continually pounds; it stands fast while the churning sea is lulled to sleep at its feet. I hear you say, "How unlucky that this should happen to me!
Say instead, "How lucky that I am not broken by what has happened and am not afraid of what is about to happen.
The same blow might have struck anyone, but not many would have absorbed it without capitulation or complaint. If thou art pained by any external thing, it is not this that disturbs thee, but thy own judgment about it. And it is in thy power to wipe out this judgment now. A cucumber is bitter. Throw it away.
There are briars in the road. Turn aside from them. This is enough. Do not add, "And why were such things made in the world? Soon you'll be ashes or bones. A mere name at most—and even that is just a sound, an echo. The things we want in life are empty, stale, trivial. Never regard something as doing you good if it makes you betray a trust or lose your sense of shame or makes you show hatred, suspicion, ill-will or hypocrisy or a desire for things best done behind closed doors.
Not to feel exasperated or defeated or despondent because your days aren't packed with wise and moral actions. But to get back up when you fail, to celebrate behaving like a human—however imperfectly—and fully embrace the pursuit you've embarked on. Let opinion be taken away, and no man will think himself wronged. If no man shall think himself wronged, then is there no more any such thing as wrong. Take away your opinion, and there is taken away the complaint, [ Whatever happens to you has been waiting to happen since the beginning of time. The twining strands of fate wove both of them together: your own existence and the things that happen to you.
In your actions, don't procrastinate. In your conversations, don't confuse. In your thoughts, don't wander. In your soul, don't be passive or aggressive. In your life, don't be all about business. For everything happens according to the nature of all things, and in a short time you'll be nobody and nowhere even as the great emperors Hadrian and Augustus are now.
The next thing to do--consider carefully the task at hand for what it is, while remembering that your purpose is to be a good human being.
Get straight to doing what nature requires of you, and speak as you see most just and fitting--with kindness, modesty, and sincerity. What if someone despises me? Let me see to it. But I will see to it that I won't be found doing or saying anything contemptible.
- Guided Meditations | The Chopra Center.
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- Madame Bovary (Italian Edition).
What if someone hates me? Let me see to that. But I will see to it that I'm kind and good-natured to all, and prepared to show even the hater where they went wrong. Not in a critical way, or to show off my patience, but genuinely and usefully. Do not act as if thou wert going to live ten thousand years. Death hangs over thee. While thou livest, while it is in thy power, be good. A person who doesn't know what the universe is, doesn't know who they are. A person who doesn't know their purpose in life doesn't know who they are or what the universe is.
A person who doesn't know any of these things doesn't know why they are here. So what to make of people who seek or avoid the praise of those who have no knowledge of where or who they are? Whenever you suffer pain, keep in mind that it's nothing to be ashamed of and that it can't degrade your guiding intelligence, nor keep it from acting rationally and for the common good.
And in most cases you should be helped by the saying of Epicurus , that pain is never unbearable or unending, so you can remember these limits and not add to them in your imagination. Remember too that many common annoyances are pain in disguise, such as sleepiness, fever and loss of appetite. When they start to get you down, tell yourself you are giving in to pain.
Enough of this miserable, whining life. Stop monkeying around!
Meditations - Wikipedia
Why are you troubled? The one responsible? Take a good look. Or just the matter itself? Then look at that. And as far as the gods go, by now you could try being more straightforward and kind. Keep this thought handy when you feel a bit of rage coming on--it isn't manly to be enraged. Rather, gentleness and civility are more human, and therefore manlier. A real person doesn't give way to anger and discontent, and such a person has strength, courage, and endurance--unlike the angry and complaining.
The nearer a man comes to a calm mind, the closer he is to strength. Don't tell yourself anything more than what the initial impressions report. It's been reported to you that someone is speaking badly about you. This is the report--the report wasn't that you've been harmed. I see that my son is sick--but not that his life is at risk. So always stay within your first impressions, and don't add to them in your head--this way nothing can happen to you. Drama, combat, terror, numbness, and subservience--every day these things wipe out your sacred principles, whenever your mind entertains them uncritically or lets them slip in.
I'm constantly amazed by how easily we love ourselves above all others, yet we put more stock in the opinions of others than in our own estimation of self